till.com  Articles

Articles by Donald Tillman

A collection of Don's articles on various topics.
Some may find them interesting.


muse exhibit

My Javascript simulation of Marvin Minsky's Triadax Muse is part of the AI: More than Human exhibit at the Barbican Centre in London, May 16 to August 26. After that, the exhibit will be traveling to the Groninger Forum, the Netherlands.

The original article is here: Triadex Muse in JavaScript

The museum version that runs on a tablet is here: Triadex Muse Display

And a fancy new version that can do multiple synchronized Muses is here: The Muse.


38 Startup Ideas Updated!

’Want to do something different? Over the last decade or so I've put myself in a mindset where, when confronted with an everyday problem or frustration, I pause to consider the opportunities for a marketable solution or business possibility.

This actually happens a lot. So I try to keep an active list of them here.

smart traffic Startup Proposal: Intelligent Traffic Signals

Autonomous intelligent traffic signals have the potential to significantly reduce traffic congestion, fuel consumption, and exhaust emissions. Here are the details.

A New Business Model for the Music Industry

The music industry doesn't really have a business model right now. Here is how record companies can actually win big over the next couple decades.

I wrote this a long time ago, and it's a little long winded, but the result is still applicable.


Moore's Law The Mechanics of Moore's Law New!

A new article describes the mechanism behind Moore's Law.

Weirdly enough, silicon is not really involved.

poles Root Locus Demo of Real Poles with Feedback New!

It is common practice in Systems Theory to take a filter function with a number of poles on the real axis, apply feedback, and the poles move from their original positions, and can jump off the axis into the complex plane. This is described with root locus analysis. I call it pole dancing.

This is an interactive JavaScript demo of the effect.

Square Wave Variations fancy square wave

Square Waves may appear uninteresting at first... A closer examination reveals the dramatic effects of the polarity and phase of harmonics.

"First of all, what the hell have you been smoking?" — Magnus Danielson

Quadrature Trapezoid Voltage Controlled Oscillator

A Voltage-Controlled Oscillator (VCO) that can gracefully go through zero Hz to negative frequency is useful for applications such as FM Synthesis and chaotic systems. It's also a difficult engineering challenge. My solution is a new oscillator topology.

The Doepfer A-100-6 Voltage-Controlled Oscillator is based on this article.

Voltage Controlled Duty Cycle Sawtooth Circuit

Some quick notes on a circuit I came up that can morph from a sawtooth to a triangle to a reverse sawtooth with a control voltage.

Referenced by:

Dr. Edward Kelly, University of the Arts London, Wavefolding: Modulation of Adjustable Symmetry in Sawtooth and Triangular Waveforms, Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference 2016

Achim Gratz, Triangle / Sawtooth VCO with Voltage Controlled Continously Variable Symmetry

An Interpolating Scanner Circuit

Juërgen Haible invented the interpolating scanner. I always appreciated it as an interesting building block for synthesis. This circuit is an alternate approach.

"I would like to thank Don Tillman. Based on my Interpolating Scanner idea, he created a very brilliant implementation of his own, which is more elegant than my first solution in several ways." — Juërgen Haible

Guitar Physics and Electronics

pickup response Part 1: Response Effects of Guitar Pickup Position and Width
Part 2: Response Effects of Guitar Pickup Mixing
Part 3: Pickup Response Demonstration

In an acoustic guitar, any vibration eventually works its way down the string, through the body, and out. In an electric guitar, the pickup only senses the string movement in one location along the string in a specific way.

This is a set of articles that analyze the spectrum of electromagnetic guitar pickups due to physical parameters, such as the position of the pickup along the string, the width of the magnetic aperture, and how multiple pickups interact when mixed. Part 3 is an interactive graphical JavaScript demo.

These articles have been referenced in:

Paiva, Pakarinen, Välimäki, Acoustics and Modeling of Pickups, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, October 2012.

Kirk McDonald, Princeton University, Physics Examples — Electric Guitar Pickups.

Mohamad, Dixon, Harte, Pickup Position and Plucking Point Estimation on an Electric Guitar , Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2017

Henri Penttinen, Acoustic Timbre Enhancement of Guitar Pickup Signals with Digitial Filters

A Discrete FET Guitar Preamp
An FET Preamp Cable

This is the original discrete FET guitar preamp circuit that has become known as the "Tillman Preamp".

It can also be phantom-powered and built into a 1/4-inch phone plug.

Electronic Music

muse Triadex Muse in JavaScript New!
Triadex Muse in JavaScript, Museum Edition New!
The Muse (with synchronized multiple Muses) New!

The Muse was a digital algorithmic music composer invented in 1969 by Marvin Minsky and Edward Fredkin at MIT. It was built with the digital logic circuitry of the day; gates, registers, and counters. Working units are extremely rare.

This is a software simulation of The Muse that runs in a browser.

"Muse in a browser, this is awesome folks!!" — Margaret Minsky

"This is so frigging great - possibly my favorite soft-synth" — numan7/muffwiggler

The JavaScript Muse will be included in an exhibit called "AI - More than Human" at the Barbican Centre in London this summer. It will be running on a tablet next to a physical Muse, so vistors can see the real thing, and try out the simulation.

Psych Tone in JavaScript New!

Don Lancaster created a variation of The Muse called the Psych Tone and published the project as the cover story in the February 1972 issue of Popular Electronics Magazine. Psych Tones are rarer than Muses.

So this is a software simulation of Don Lancaster's Psych Tone that runs on a web page.

Moog Synthesizer Patent Reviews
ARP Synthesizers Patent Reviews
Mellotron/Chamberlin Patent Reviews

Back in the 90's, when IBM's Almaden Research Center scanned all the patents and made them available online, I searched through the patents for some of the major electronic music companies, studied them, and wrote up a lot of patent reviews. These included a description of the invention, why it was significant, what products used it, and their cultural impact.

A Palette of Static Audio Waveforms

Bored with audio oscillator waveforms? Me too. Here is a musically powerful palette of waveforms, including two that didn't have names before.

ARP/Rhodes Chroma: Upgrading the Power Supply ("Nuclear Powered Chroma")

Replace a Rhodes Chroma power supply with a modern switching unit.

The Mellotron

Mellotron resources, notes, projects, the Mellotronists mailing list and the tale of a restored M400 with Mike Pinder's autograph.


Analog Synthesizer Resources My favorite synthesizer design links.  General, historical, manufacturers, design, schematics, research.

ARP Synthesizers: ARP Resources A collection of resources for ARP Synthesizers, including the ARP/Rhodes Chroma.

Moog Synthesizers: Moog Resources A collection of Moog resources.

Hohner Clavinet Resources A collection of resources for the Hohner Clavinet.